On Wednesday 21 March 2018, practitioners across Wiltshire gathered for the WSCB Full Board event which focused on recognising and responding to child sexual abuse.

Presenters included Dr Debbie Allnock, Senior Research Fellow, University of Bedfordshire, who talked about research findings related to intra-familial child sexual abuse. For more information and resources visit www.beds.ac.uk/ic.

View the full presentation below or download here.

Brook Sexual Behaviours Traffic Light Tool

By identifying sexual behaviours as GREEN, AMBER or RED, professionals across different agencies can work to the same criteria when making decisions and protect children and young people with a unified approach.



This tool lists examples of presenting sexual behaviours within four age categories. All green, amber and red behaviours require some form of attention and response, but the type of intervention will vary according to the behaviour. This tool must be used within the context of the guidance provided and should not be used in isolation.

Child sexual abuse (CSA) involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening.

It might involve physical contact, including penetrative, that may mean rape or oral sex, or non-penetrative acts like touching. Sexual abuse can happen to both girls and boys. The abusers can be men or women.

Importantly sexual abuse doesn’t always include contact with a child. It could mean involving children in looking at, or in the production of, sexual online images, watching sexual activities, or encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways.

Suffering any kind of sexual abuse is deeply upsetting and can leave a child feeling frightened, confused and vulnerable.

This page provides professionals with the tools and the right guidance to identify the risks and signs of sexual abuse and to support victims and those affected by CSA. This page aims to provide professionals will the tools and the right guidance to identify the risks and signs of sexual abuse and to support victims and those affected by CSA.

Wiltshire has a Harmful Sexual Behaviour Protocol for use when there is suspicion, allegation or observation of a child or young person having carried out harmful sexual behaviour (HSB).



  • Centre of expertise on CSA – established to help bring about significant and system wide change in how CSA is responded to locally and nationally. Funded by the Home office and led by Barnardo’s
  • Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation, understanding risk and vulnerability – review looking at risk indicators and protective factors for Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation. Carried out by Coventry University on behalf of the Early Intervention Foundation, and funded by the Home Office
  • National institute for Health and Care Excellence – various links to useful research on CSA
  • Parents Protect – an information and resources website which aims to raise awareness about child sexual abuse, answer questions and give adults the information, advice, support and facts, they need to help protect children
  • Stop it Now! UK and Ireland is a child sexual abuse prevention campaign and is run by the Lucy Faithfull Foundation
  • MOSAC – voluntary organisation supporting non-abusing parents and carers of sexually abused children
  • Survivors UK helps men who have been sexually abused and raises awareness of their needs. Sexual violation includes both childhood sexual abuse and adult sexual assault/rape
  • NAPAC – registered charity supporting recovery from childhood abuse
  • IISCA – Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse
  • Neglect, Intra-familial Child Sexual Abuse: Evidence Scope 2 – Exploring the relationship between neglect and adult perpetrated intra-familial child sexual abuse
  • Children’s Commissioner –  Icelandic model, Barnahus, Children’s House was identified as a method of supporting victims of child abuse – currently being used in a London Borough
  • RiP – Supporting evidence-informed practice with children and families

If you think a child or young person is at risk of significant harm, or is injured, contact the Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH) on 0300 4560108, 8.45am-5pm, Monday-Thursday and 8.45am-4pm Friday; out of hours 0845 6070 888. Or if there is immediate danger, phone the police or emergency services on 999. For less urgent enquiries, email mash@wiltshire.gcsx.gov.uk.

Children are protected from child abuse or neglect by agencies working together to assess the risk, and helping to prevent further abuse occurring.